Ibn al-Qayyim on Dealing with Errors and Those Who Commit Them

In Madârij as-Sâlikîn, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on him, had alluded to some of the escapades of the opponents[1] and said,

These escapades imposed a tribulation on two groups from the people. The first of them was screened by them from the merits of this group, the mildness of their souls, and the truthfulness of their interactions. They relinquished them on account of these escapades and disavowed them with the utmost disavowal, and they had an ill suspicion of them in absolute terms, and this is enmity and excessiveness. If everyone who erred or blundered was left off entirely and his merits relinquished, the sciences, skills, and wisdoms would certainly have been corrupted and their landmarks obstructed.

Then, he, may Allah have mercy on him, mentioned the group counter to what preceded and named them transgressors and opposers.[2] Then he said,

The third group, and they are the people of justice and fairness, and those who give every possessor of rights his right, and grant every possessor of status his status, [such that] they did not adjudge the ruling of the sick [and] the ill to the healthy nor the ruling of the healthy to the ill [and] the sick. Rather, they accepted what is to be accepted and rejected what is to be rejected.[3]

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Notes:
[1] [t] Ibn al-Qayyim is referring to unbridled excesses committed by the Ṣūfîs.

[2] [t] Ibn al-Qayyim’s exact words were ‘transgressors and excessive [ones]’ (معتدون ومفرطون). Perhaps ‘excessive [ones]’ was misread as ‘opposers’ (معرضون) as the two words resemble each other.

[3] Madârij as-Sâlikîn Bain Manâzil «Iyyâk Na’bud wa Iyyâk Nasta’în», vol. 2, pgs. 39-40.

Source: as-Sulaimânî, Abul-Hasan Mustafâ bin Ismâ’îl. “al-Qawl al-Mufhim li Man Ankar Maqâlah: Nusahhih wa Lâ Nahdim.” ad-Difâ’ ‘an Ahl al-Ittibâ’: ar-Radd al-’Ilmî ‘alash-Shaikh Rabî’ bin Hâdî al-Madkhalî (2nd ed.). Menoufia, Egypt: Dâr al-Ansâr, 2006. vol. 1, pgs. 347-348.

About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

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