al-Ma’ribi on al-Qaradawi
June 2, 2012 10 Comments
Note: I’m sure there are some Salafi brothers and sisters who might be surprized by what is contained in the shaikh’s answer. Regardless of your thoughts on Shaikh Yūsuf al-Qaradâwî, however, I want and hope that those of you who read this will pay close attention to what he says, the principles he uses, that lead him to say what he says about al-Qaradâwî.
In his answers to questions of members of Muntadâ al-Kâshif, Shaikh Abul-Hasan al-Ma’ribi mentions,
A questioner asks, “It has been spread that you were asked about ash-Sha’râwî and al-Qaradâwî and you said we do not hereticate them until the proof has been built upon them. Your answer was difficult for me, for how can we not hereticate them [when] they are not from the People of the Sunnah and Congregation?”
I say, O brother, may Allah bless you, the words here about Shaikh Yūsuf al-Qaradâwî are with the consideration that he has many statements with respect to his affiliation to the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation. I say I was asked about Shaikh Yūsuf al-Qaradâwî and said the man is affiliated to the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation, to the doctrine of the Companions and the imams: Ahmad bin Hanbal, Mâlik, ash-Shâfi’î and others. According to that, I do not judge with his expulsion from the People of the Sunnah because of [the] deeds he does [that] are contrary to the Law, until the proof [that] removes the doubt and cuts off the excuse is built upon him. So unless that is, the judgement remains upon what he is upon. I do not acknowledge Shaikh al-Qaradâwî according to his errors and his verdicts [that] contradict to the people of knowledge and contradict the evidence, nor do I acknowledge him according to his dispositions in many of the issues. Likewise, some of the statements he makes, I do not acknowledge him according to this. I count this [to be] from his serious errors and that it is obligated for him to be godly to Allah, mighty and majestic is He, and that he knows that he is a man [that is] followed, that either thousands or millions are guided by his words or they are misguided by them. So let him set the truth free in his words and let him look to what the scholars of the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation are upon, [whether] predecessors or successors. Let him spread it among the people, for surely, he has a standing and a vast reknown among the [Muslim] nation. This standing, if it is not utilized in Allah’s obedience and clarification of the manifest truth, then perhaps it might be, and the refuge is with Allah, a curse upon its companion. I caution that Shaikh al-Qaradâwî or [anyone else] is followed in any mistake, minute or great. The judgement, however, on a specific person, that he is outside of the People of the Sunnah, with the root being that he is in the Sunnah, or that he is outside of Islam while the root is he is in Islam, whoever was like that, then I do not expel him from the realm of the Sunnah and the Congregation, except after fulfillment of the conditions and absence of the obstructions, whether it were al-Qaradâwî or anyone else, whoever they were.
Consequently, if [someone] says when do we expel him? I say Allah, glorified and exalted is He, has not commissioned me to take steps in expelling him. Allah has not commissioned me with that, and Allah, mighty and majestic is He, did not make this from the [things] known necessarily from the religion and that I limit my position on so-and-so to “is he included in the Sunnah or outside [of it]?” Indeed, what is sufficient is that I clarify his error, for there are those who died while upon teachings contrary to the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation, and despite that, we judge for him that he is from the People of the Sunnah, because we do not know that the proof had been built upon him specifically. Likewise, there are those who are alive and we are not able to contact them, and there are those we are not able to contact and we cannot find the opportunity for that or we see that the speaking with them might lead to a greater cause of corruption. Who is the one who said there is surely no escaping that we categorize all of the people, such that we say this is a sunni, this is a heretic, this is a Muslim and this is a disbeliever?! Upon you, O brother, is that you clarify that this action is a sunnah and this statement is a sunnah and this action is disbelief or heresy, and this statement is from monotheism or from the nullifiers of monotheism. As for so-and-so is outside or included, then Allah, glorified and exalted is He, has not commissioned you to appoint yourself as a judge over the people, then whoever you have not expelled, then there is no escaping that you take steps in the particulars of attainment of it in order for you to expel him from Islam or the Sunnah—words the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation, old and new, are not upon. We do not find our imams, our shaikhs, and the notables of our era upon that, the likes of the eminent Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz bin Bâz, the one of nobility, Shaikh Ibn Uthaimîn, the traditionist of the era, Shaikh al-Albânî, may Allah have mercy on all, and others from the shaikhs who are known for earnest concern for the creed of the People of the Sunnah and the Congregation, like the scholars of the Permanent Committee, who are the senior scholars of the Muslims in this era. In any case, take it as a rule: “the specific [person] is not excommunicated, nor is he declared sinful, nor is he hereticated, except after the truth is clarified to him.” So unless it is [clarified to him], he remains upon the root that he is affilated to, whether it was Islam, Sunnah, and integrity, so long as he does not perpetrate what nullifies that out of encroachment, opposition, and dissension. And Allah is more knowledgeable.
Source: Dar al-Hadîth in Ma’rib forums.