Abu Hatim ar-Razi (d.277H)

His name and lineage:
He is the imam, the hâfidh, the critic, the proof, Abū Hâtim Muhammad bin Idrîs bin al-Mundhir bin Dâwud bin Mahrân ar-Râzî, al-Handhalî, al-Ghatafânî.

His birth:
He was born the year 195H.

The better known [narrators] he narrated from:
He narrated from many, such that al-Khalîlî said, “Abū Hâtim al-Labbân al-Hâfidh said to me, ‘I had gathered [those] who Abū Hâtim ar-Râzî narrated from; they reached close to 3,000.’”

From the better known of them are:
Abū Nu’aim al-Fadl bin Dukain, Zuhair bin ‘Abbâd, Yahyâ bin Bukair, ‘Ubaidullah bin Mūsâ, Âdam bin Abî Iyâs, Thâbit bin Muhammad az-Zâhid, ‘Abdullah bin Sâlih al-‘Ijlî, ‘Abdullah bin Sâlih al-Kâtib, Muhammad bin ‘Abdillah al-Ansârî, and Qabîsah.

The better known narrators [who narrated] from him:
Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî, Yūnus bin ‘Abdil-A’lâ, Abū Bakr bin Abid-Dunyâ, Mūsâ bin Is·hâq al-Ansârî, Abū Dâwud as-Sijistânî, Abū ‘Abdir-Rahman an-Nasâ’î, Abū ‘Awânah al-Isfarâ’înî, Abul-Hasan al-Qattân, Abū Bishr ad-Dūlâbî, and many others.

The scholars’ and imams’ commendation of him:
Abū Zur’ah told Abî Hâtim, “I have not seen [anyone] more intent on seeking the hadîth than you.”

Yūnus bin ‘Abdil-A’lâ said, “Abū Zur’ah and Abū Hâtim are the two imams of Khurasân.” He supplicated for them both and said, “Their continuance is an improvement for the Muslims.”

‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abî Hâtim said, “I heard Mūsâ bin Is·hâq al-Qâdî saying, ‘I have not seen [anyone] more preserving than your father,’ and he had met Abū Bakr Ibn Abî Shaibah, Ibn Numair, Ibn Ma’în, and Yahyâ al-Himmânî.”

Ahmad bin Salamah an-Naisâbūrî said, “I have not seen after Is·hâq and Muhammad bin Yahyâ [anyone] more preserving of the hadîth or more knowledgeable of its meanings than Abî Hâtim ar-Râzî.”

‘Uthmân bin Khurrazâdh said, “The most preserving of those I saw are four: Muhammad bin al-Minhâl adDarîr, Ibrâhîm bin ‘Ar’arah, Abū Zur’ah, and Abū Hâtim.”

al-Khalîlî said,

Abū Hâtim was a scholar of the Companions’ differences [of opinion] and the jurisprudence of the Followers and [those] after them. I heard my grandfather and a group [who] heard ‘Alî bin Ibrâhîm al-Qattân saying, “I have not seen the like of Abî Hâtim.” So we told him, “[But] you had seen Ibrâhîm al-Harbî and Ismâ’îl al-Qâdî.” He said, “I have not seen [anyone] more complete or more virtuous than Abî Hâtim.”

Abul-Qâsim al-Lâlikâ’î said, “Abū Hâtim was an imam, a hâfidh, a verifier.”

al-Khatîb al-Baghdâdî said, “Abū Hâtim was one of the credible, hâfidh imams.”

adh-Dhahabî said, “He was from the oceans of knowledge. He travelled about the countries and excelled in the text and the chain [of transmission]. He gathered and compiled, disparaged and accredited, authenticated and deemed defective.”

He said, “He was one of the notables and from the formidable imams of the People of the Relic[1] … he was a neighbour in the arena of his comrade and relative, Hâfidh Abū Zur’ah.”

His death:
He died on the month of Sha’bân in the year 277H.

May Allah have mercy on our imam, Abū Hâtim, and be pleased with him. May He unite us with him in His mercy, His excellence, His bounty, and His pleasure, in the highest Paradise with the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, the righteous, and the satisfactory imams.

The biography’s sources:
al-Jarh wat-Ta’dîl, vol. 1, pg. 349; Târîkh Baghdâd, vol. 2, pg. 73; Târîkh Dimashq, vol. 52, pg. 3; Siyar A’lâm an-Nubalâ’, vol. 13, pg. 247; al-‘Ulū lil-‘Alî al-‘Adhîm, vol. 2, pg. 1163.

 

——————————————————————————–
Endnotes:
[1] [t] Ar. athar – track, trace, vestige; sign, mark; relic or remnant; tradition, brief report (from early Islam).

 

About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

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