The Summarized & the Elaborated
February 20, 2009 14 Comments
Correlating the summarized to the elaborated, referred to in Arabic as حمل المجمل على المفصل (haml al-mujmal ‘alal-mufassal, literally: taking the summarized according to the elaborated). It is one of the supposedly heretic principles that Shaikh Mustafâ bin Ismâ’îl as-Sulaimânî, commonly referred to as Abul-Hasan al-Ma’ribî, is accused of innovating and introducing into the ranks of the People of the Sunnah and Congregation. In the introduction of the rather lengthy apologetic concerning this issue that Shaikh Abul-Hasan wrote defending himself from him his attackers and accusers titled, al-Jawâb al-Akmal ‘alâ Man Ankar Haml al-Mujmal ‘alal-Mufassal, he mentions that
[d]espite this matter being from the matters the natural disposition demands, the intellect and the religion demands, and this is all of the scholars’ words, as far as I know, nonetheless, Shaikh Rabî’, may Allah guide him and I, has raised his voice with refuting this distinctly clear matter, boasting in the sittings and the essays he’s written of refuting this principle. Nay, considering it from the principles of the people of heresies and desires, accusing whoever spoke of this principle of leaving the Sunnah and assention to the stirrups of the people of desires. And if he was unable to be explicit about that with some of the scholars, he claimed that they did not research the issue, or that they had been duped—and I do not know who duped them—or that they had grown in age and their vision had weakened, just as it occurred from him in front of the noble Shaikh ‘Abdil-Muhsin al-‘Abbâd, may Allah preserve him and gratify the Muslims with him. This is despite Shaikh Rabî’ declaring in another place that he is older than Shaikh al-‘Abbâd in age!!!
Commenting on something I said in one of my posts, one brother wrote on his blog claiming that this principle is “the most devious of the principles” (emphasis added) and said that this principle (again, emphasis added)
says we cannot take a person’s speech as it is but rather once the person is from Ahlus Sunnah or is known to have fought the Ilmaanees or the Sufis we must make Ta’weel of his statement and think the best of it. This is again incorrect without any doubt. Because the Imams of the Sunnah would put those who use unclear speech e.g My recitation of the Qur’an is created, as the people of innovation even if it is that they may have been Imams of the Sunnah.
In his apologetic, Shaikh Abul-Hasan quotes many scholars, past and present, who not only speak of this principle, but who also say that it is an obligatory rule that should be applied when dealing with statements from others. The following article was compiled by some of the students at Dâr al-Hadîth in Ma’rib and is a collection of just a few of the quotes brought by Shaikh Abul-Hasan in his own defence, all of which are taken from some of our era’s scholars (i.e., this article doesn’t include the statements from the imams and scholars of the past that Shaikh Abul-Hasan quoted, like Shaikh of Islam Ibn Taimiyyah, his students Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah and Shams ad-Dîn adh-Dhahabî, Tâj ad-Dîn as-Subkî, Ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafî, ash-Shawkânî, and many others—including some of the scholars who attacked him). It begins with a quote from Shaikh Abil-Hasan, followed by ten quotes from some big name scholars from our era. Judge for yourself which side the truth is on in this particular issue.
Correlating the Summarized to the Elaborated With Regards to the Scholars’ Words (PDF), by a group of students at Dâr al-Hadîth in Ma’rib.
More to come, Allah willing … .