The Summarized & the Elaborated

Correlating the summarized to the elaborated, referred to in Arabic as حمل المجمل على المفصل (haml al-mujmal ‘alal-mufassal, literally: taking the summarized according to the elaborated). It is one of the supposedly heretic principles that Shaikh Mustafâ bin Ismâ’îl as-Sulaimânî, commonly referred to as Abul-Hasan al-Ma’ribî, is accused of innovating and introducing into the ranks of the People of the Sunnah and Congregation. In the introduction of the rather lengthy apologetic concerning this issue that Shaikh Abul-Hasan wrote defending himself from him his attackers and accusers titled, al-Jawâb al-Akmal ‘alâ Man Ankar Haml al-Mujmal ‘alal-Mufassal, he mentions that

[d]espite this matter being from the matters the natural disposition demands, the intellect and the religion demands, and this is all of the scholars’ words, as far as I know, nonetheless, Shaikh Rabî’, may Allah guide him and I, has raised his voice with refuting this distinctly clear matter, boasting in the sittings and the essays he’s written of refuting this principle. Nay, considering it from the principles of the people of heresies and desires, accusing whoever spoke of this principle of leaving the Sunnah and assention to the stirrups of the people of desires. And if he was unable to be explicit about that with some of the scholars, he claimed that they did not research the issue, or that they had been duped—and I do not know who duped them—or that they had grown in age and their vision had weakened, just as it occurred from him in front of the noble Shaikh ‘Abdil-Muhsin al-‘Abbâd, may Allah preserve him and gratify the Muslims with him. This is despite Shaikh Rabî’ declaring in another place that he is older than Shaikh al-‘Abbâd in age!!!

Commenting on something I said in one of my posts, one brother wrote on his blog claiming that this principle is “the most devious of the principles” (emphasis added) and said that this principle (again, emphasis added)

says we cannot take a person’s speech as it is but rather once the person is from Ahlus Sunnah or is known to have fought the Ilmaanees or the Sufis we must make Ta’weel of his statement and think the best of it. This is again incorrect without any doubt. Because the Imams of the Sunnah would put those who use unclear speech e.g My recitation of the Qur’an is created, as the people of innovation even if it is that they may have been Imams of the Sunnah.

In his apologetic, Shaikh Abul-Hasan quotes many scholars, past and present, who not only speak of this principle, but who also say that it is an obligatory rule that should be applied when dealing with statements from others.  The following article was compiled by some of the students at Dâr al-Hadîth in Ma’rib and is a collection of just a few of the quotes brought by Shaikh Abul-Hasan in his own defence, all of which are taken from some of our era’s scholars (i.e., this article doesn’t include the statements from the imams and scholars of the past that Shaikh Abul-Hasan quoted, like Shaikh of Islam Ibn Taimiyyah, his students Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah and Shams ad-Dîn adh-Dhahabî, Tâj ad-Dîn as-Subkî, Ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafî, ash-Shawkânî, and many others—including some of the scholars who attacked him). It begins with a quote from Shaikh Abil-Hasan, followed by ten quotes from some big name scholars from our era. Judge for yourself which side the truth is on in this particular issue.

Correlating the Summarized to the Elaborated With Regards to the Scholars’ Words (PDF), by a group of students at Dâr al-Hadîth in Ma’rib.

More to come, Allah willing … .

About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

14 Responses to The Summarized & the Elaborated

  1. Mohammed says:

    Salamu alaikum

    Whats the position of Abul Hasan Maribi on Sayyid Qutub, Hasan al Banna and Ikhwanul Muslimeen

  2. Wa ‘alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullah, Mohammed.

    The answer to your question will be found in one of the articles to be posted, Allah willing. If you can’t be patient enough to wait for it, however, feel free to read the shaikh’s ad-Difâ’ ‘an Ahl al-Ittibâ’ (الدفاع عن أهل الإتباع) as you’ll definitely find your answers in there; may Allah reward and bless you.

  3. Abdinasir Ibn Elmi says:

    A Refutation of the Issues of Abul-Fitan al-Ma’ribee

    From Shaykh ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-‘Abbaad, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan & Shaykh Saalih al-Luhaydaan
    A collection of statements and fataawaa from the great Imaams such as al-‘Allaamah ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-‘Abbaad, al-‘Allaamah Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan and al-‘Allaamah Saalih al-Luhaydaan. The essay establishes that the aforementioned Scholars openly oppose the ‘Ar’ooree principles of Abul-Fitan al-Mubtadi’ al-Ma’ribee, such as calling the Companions ‘ghuthaa’iyyah (scum), the principle ‘we correct, but we do not destroy the individual’, referring to following of the Scholars as taqleed, al-mujmal wal-mufassal (referring the general back to the specific) and much more…Saturday, 05 April 2003

    [Link removed]
    …………………………………………………..

    salam akhi rasheed , fear allah and leave the issues and follow the scholars and leave this guy, and stop translating articals that will bring corruptions, save ur self from the fire akhi cus these issue’s will enter u in fire, u must believe that with ur heart so pls akh leave it……. salam ur bro for the sake of alla azza wa jal, Abdinasir Ibn Elmi

  4. Wa ‘alaikum as-salam, Abdinasir.

    May Allah make you and I among the godly and god-fearing.

    Obviously you haven’t read the article. It’s about correlating the summarized words of a person to his elaborated words, i.e., al-mujmal wal-mufassal. Had you read the article, you would’ve seen that Shaikhs ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-‘Abbâd, Sâlih al-Fawzân, and many others hold this principle to be true and also apply it to the statements and texts. Do yourself a favour, brother, read the article; may Allah reward and bless you.

    Allah willing, I’m one who accepts and follows the truth when I find it. I do not follow individuals merely because of who they are, I follow them because of the truth that I find with them. In the issues I’ll be posting about, the truth is with Abil-Hasan. To quote the late Shaikh ‘Abdus-Salâm bin Barjas, may Allah shower him with His mercy, ” … Abul-Hasan [is] Salafî in spite of your noses!”

    Note: among the articles that I’m working on and will be posting here will be one on the so-called “‘Ar’urî principle” of correcting an individual’s mistakes but not destroying his persona.

  5. ilyas says:

    As salamu alikum wa rahmatullah

    These people are brain dead! they like flies, eating on crap when it is feed to them.

    Anyway akhi keep up the good work.

  6. Eesa says:

    Asalamu’alaikum Rasheed. You stated earlier in a response to a brothers reply to this article, that answers concerning Abul Hassan position regarding the likes of Sayyid Qutb will be posted in the future. Do you know of when this may be?

    Jazakh’Allah.

  7. Wa ‘alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullah, Eesa.

    Perhaps you can refresh my memory by pointing out where I said I would post answers concerning Shaikh Abul-Hasan’s position regarding “the likes of Sayyid Qutb”. I don’t remember ever saying such a thing. I do remember saying that I was in the process of translating some of Shaikh Abul-Hasan’s writings to clarify some of the academic and religious issues he was criticized on. I mentioned that around the time I was replying to Musa Millington’s comments to one of my other blog posts.

    Regarding those articles I was intending on publishing, I haven’t translated anything in quite some time and I don’t really see myself working on these articles again any time soon.

    I will mention here, however, since Sayyid Qutb’s name was mentioned, that at the beginning of his essay titled, I’lan an-Nakir ‘ala Manhaj ash-Shaikh Rabi’ fit-Takfir, Shaikh Abul-Hasan mentions that with regards to Sayyid Qutb, you find that the people generally fall under three categories. The first of these are those who consider him an imam and a reviver of the religion. The second of these are those who are on the other end of the spectrum: those who consider him a disbeliever, a Batini and someone who schemed and plotted against the religion. The third category are people who see that Qutb intended good but fell into some serious errors due to his ignorance of the Predecessors’ creed or due to his inadequate study of it. He mentions that this category of people hope that Allah benefits Qutb by what is recognized of his good intention and that He forgives him for the mistakes he fell into. They ask Allah to forgive and have mercy on Qutb and the rest of the Muslims who have passed away while warning from these mistakes that Qutb made; they do not consider him to be from the Muslim religious scholars, nor from those who held to the methodology of the Predecessors (due to his ignorance regarding much of it). Shaikh Abul-Hasan explicitly mentions at the end of explaining this that this third view of Qutb is what Allah opened his heart to.

    You can find this statement of his in vol. 2, pg. 290 of ad-Difa’ ‘an Ahl al-Ittiba’.

  8. Eesa says:

    Rasheed barakh’Allahu feek, if you scroll to the top of the coments section on this page, you will see your reply to brother Muhammad.

    Akh, do you know what the deal is with Bilal Philips? If you go to salafitalk, subhan’Allah, they have such a lenghty refutation of him, but if I remember correctly, did not recall an Alim advise the muslims in the west to stay from him. There is a youtube vid of Shaykh Wasaabe from Yemen refuting him and the main bone of contention was he calls to Haakimiyah in his book of tawheed. As far as I know, Bilal Philips said that was a mistake and asked the publishers to remove it. Also, Bilal has a lecture concerning tawheed and he mentioned the 3 categories we are all familiar with and not haakimiyah.

    I ask because he has a book dealing with the Muslim funerals which should be beneficial for muslims, especially reverts. But naturally, if there are some reservstions against him, then it may be best to try and find another book dealing with the matter.
    Jazakh’Allah khayr

  9. Rasheed barakh’Allahu feek, if you scroll to the top of the coments section on this page, you will see your reply to brother Muhammad.

    May Allah reward and bless you for reminding me. I’ll have to look at the articles I was working on before I stopped to see which of them made mention of those issues or things related to them as I know that what I mentioned above was from one of his essays I wasn’t planning on translating.

    Akh, do you know what the deal is with Bilal Philips?

    I wouldn’t pay too much attention to Dr. Abu Ameenah’s detractors, especially those from the crowd over on SalafiTalk. Whatever shortcomings people may come up with to hold against him, he more than makes up for with the tremendous benefit he’s provided English speaking Muslims over the years. Not that my opinion means much, but I see Dr. Abu Ameenah as a brother who’s got a good head on his shoulders, he’s fair, just, and does things his own way, i.e., I don’t see him as a bandwagoner … which is probably one of the reasons SP (and others) don’t like him much.

    Regarding al-Hakimiyyah, there’s a statement made by Shaikh Muhammad bin Abdil-Wahhab al-Wasabi that was mentioned on the IslamicAwakening forum by a poster going by “abdfaqir” that I think you’d find pretty interesting. That aside, however, for argument’s sake, let’s say that Dr. Abu Ameenah calls to al-Hakimiyyah and hasn’t acknowledged it as a mistake. What possible impact would a mistake regarding al-Hakimiyyah have on a book concerning funeral rites in Islam?

    I really believe this mentality that many have regarding individuals who’ve been “refuted” is really damaging. To think that one cannot benefit from individuals who’ve been refuted for whatever reasons is foolish. Everyone’s been refuted for one thing or another. If we were to cross people off our lists for this reason alone, I think it wouldn’t be much of an exaggeration to say that we’d have no one left to learn from.

  10. Regarding al-Hakimiyyah, there’s a statement made by Shaikh Muhammad bin Abdil-Wahhab al-Wasabi that was mentioned on the IslamicAwakening forum by a poster going by “abdfaqir” that I think you’d find pretty interesting.

    Here’s a link to the audio of Shaikh al-Wasabi’s statement as well as a transcription of his statement:

    السؤال : هل توحيد الحاكمية يعتبر قسما رابعا من أقسام التوحيد ؟ .
    فأجاب : توحيد الحاكمية من أهل العلم من أهل السنة من أنكره ومنهم من أقر به ومنهم من قال بأنه داخل في توحيد الربوبية، ومنهم من قال بأنه داخل في توحيد الألوهية، ولا مشاحة في الاصطلاح فمن ذكره من أقسام التوحيد لا حرج ومن ذكره من توحيد الربوبية لا حرج أو من ضمن توحيد الألوهية أيضا لا حرج ، الأمر واسع إن شاء الله والذي ينكر على الحزبيين الدندنة به دون الكلام عن بقية التوحيد ، أما إذا كان إنسان من أهل العلم ومن أهل السنة والجماعة وهو لا يدعو إلى الخروج الحكام المسلمين وذكر توحيد الحاكمية في حدود الكتاب والسنة وذكر أيضا بقية التوحيد وأعطى كل قسم حقه فمثل هذا ، هذا هو الصواب فيما يظهر لي والله الموفق . )) ا.هـ .

  11. Pingback: Moosaa’s Mountain Out of Bilal’s Molehill « Rasheed Gonzales

  12. al-Falastini says:

    As-Salamu Alaikum…

    I was just browsing Rasheed’s discussion with Musa Millington on Musa’s blog, and came across this statement of Rasheed’s,

    “Now imagine I applied your earlier stated principle: ‘Speech is taken upon what is apparant.’”

    To which Musa responded,

    First of all this is not my principle this is a principle of the scholars of usuul. Secondly this is when there is no Muqaranah with the speech. And in my replies before there are several Maqarin. Hence the principle doesn’t apply there. And hence as you would know that the Mujmal must have what makes Tafseel of it. And yes it was a slip of the pen no doubt.

    I guess that settles the Fitri acceptance of the so called Ar’uri principle. Without even knowing it he affirmed it. “They are like cattle, rather, they are even more astray.”

    Brother Rasheed, add emphasis on the part, so no one misses this manifestation of the man’s covered veiled Fitrah.

  13. I needed to find a quote that I had remembered posting to Musa Millington’s blog, whose post I linked to above and found that the “Let Us Understand” post he had written has been removed (which I found a bit amusing). Just in case anyone wants to check that reference, the link no longer works. Oh well … .

  14. Found Millington’s Let Us Understand blog post cached on the web.archive.org website. Anyone who wants to refer back to it can view it here: Let Us Understand « Musa Millington. The cached page was saved from May 3, 2009, which is the most recent version of the page archived.

    I’ve edited the link in the main article to point back to this archived version of Millington’s post, since he’s long deleted it from his blog.

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