The Foundation of Deeds
April 30, 2008 Leave a comment
By Shaikh ‘Alî bin Hasan al-Halabî
About our Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, our Lord, blessed and exalted is He, said, «If you obeyed him, you would be guided» (24:54).
He, glorified is He, said, «He does not speak from desire; it is only a revelation revealed» (53:3-4).
He, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, said, «Indeed, I was given the Qur’an together with its like» [Abū Dâwud (4604), Ahmad (vol. 4, pg. 131), al-Âjjurî (pg. 51), and ad-Dârimî (vol. 1, pg. 144); from al-Miqdâm bin Ma’dî Karib with an authentic chain].
It is not hidden to any of the Muslims that the guidance of the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, is comprehensive for all the branches of the people’s lives, whether religiously or worldly. In following his guidance is prosperity and power; in emulation of it is victory and authority; in opposing it is defeat and loss; and in deviating from its Sharî’ah is humiliation and ruin.
From the greatest of what our Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, said is the hadîth Imams al-Bukhârî and Muslim narrated in their Sahîhs from ‘Umar bin al-Khattâb, may Allah be pleased with him: «Deeds are certainly with intentions and every person will certainly have what he intended. Thus, whoever’s migration was to Allah and His messenger, then his migration was to Allah and His messenger. And whoever’s migration was to a worldly [matter] he achieves or a woman he marries, then his migration is to whatever he migrated to.»
Thus, the deed rests on sincerity. With sincerity, the hearts become straight and settled. With it, the person recognizes the correct path of his religion and enters the homes from their proper doors. With genuine sincerity, along with correct adherence, the Muslim recognizes what acts are obligated for him and what rights are incumbant upon him. With it, he returns the affairs to their proper places and he performs what is deserved from them without excess or neglect.
This is one of the hadîths upon which the roots of our monotheistic religion’s understanding stand. Therefore, the intention is the foundation of deeds, the correct starting point and the root of genuine direction.
Imam Abū ‘Ubaid [al-Qâsim bin Sallâm], may Allah, exalted is He, have mercy on him, had said, “There isn’t anything in the reports of the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, more comprehensive, wealthier, and more abundant in usefulness than this hadîth.”
Imam ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Mahdî, may Allah, exalted is He, have mercy on him, said, “Whoever desired to compile a book, then let him begin with this hadîth.”
Thus, the obligation upon every Muslim is that he improve his intention until he sees all of the affairs according to their realities without any falseness or fake adornments. If his heart became content with that, he would become a true Muslim, his heart will agree with his soul, and his outer with his inner. And this is from the greatest of the religion’s goals and from the most important of what Allah sent the Prophets and Emissaries with.
And Allah is the Patron of the believers.
Source: al-Asâlah magazine. Issue no. 1, pgs. 9-10. 10 Rabî at-Thânî, 1413H.