Abū Bakr al-Khallâl (234-311H)
December 5, 2007 5 Comments
The imam, the great scholar, the memorizer, the jurist, shaikh and scholar of the Hanâbilah, Abū Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hârūn bin Yazîd al-Baghdâdî al-Khallâl.
He was born in the year 234H.
He heard from al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah, Sa’dân bin Nasr, Yahyâ bin Abî Tâlib, Harb bin Ismâ’îl al-Kirmânî, Ya’qūb bin Sufyân al-Fasawî, al-‘Abbâs bin Muhammad ad-Dūrî, Abî Dâwud as-Sijistânî, ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ibrâhîm ibn Is·hâq al-Harbî, and many other people.
Imam Abū Bakr ‘Abdul-‘Azîz bin Ja’far Ghulâm al-Khallâl, Abul-Husain Muhammad bin al-Mudhaffar and a group narrated from him.
His Search for Knowledge and the Scholars’ Sayings Concerning Him:
He travelled to Persia, to the Levant, and to the Arabian Peninsula, he sought the jurisprudence of Imâm Ahmad, his verdicts and his answers. He wrote from [the dictation of] the old and the young—he even wrote from [the dictation of] his students. And he gathered and then committed to memory.
Abū Bakr bin Shahrayâr said, “All of us were companions of Abî Bakr al-Khallâl. No one preceeded him in gathering the knowledge of Imâm Ahmad.”
adh-Dhahabî said, “The narration is mighty from him.”
al-Khallâl gathered the sciences of Ahmad [bin Hanbal] and persued them. He travelled for their sake, recorded them and compiled them in books. For that reason, there was no one who adopted the madh·hab of Ahmad who was more complete [in it] than him.
He compiled the book al-Jâmi’ fil-Fiqh from the statements of Ahmad with “He informed us … ” and, “He narrated to us … ;” it was twenty volumes. He compiled the book al-‘Ilal from Ahamd in three volumes. And he wrote the books as-Sunnah, at–Tabaqât, al-‘Ilm, at-Tafsîr al-Gharîb, al-Adâb and Akhlâq Ahmad.
He died in the year 311H.
Sources of His Biography:
Siyar A’lâm an-Nubalâ’ (14/297), Târîkh Baghdâd (5/112), Tabaqât al-Hanâbilah (2/12), al-Muntadhim (6/174), Tadhkirat al-Huffâdh (3/785), al-Wâfî bil-Wafiyât (8/99), al-Bidâyat wan-Nihâyah (11/148), Shadharât adh-Dhahab (2/261), Tabaqât al-Fuqahâ’ lish-Shîrâzî (145), Munâqib Ahmad bin Hanbal li-Ibn al-Jawzî (512), I’lâm al-Muwaqqi’în (1/31), Mu’jam al-Mu’allifîn (2/166), Mukhtasar Tabaqât al-Hanâbilah (pg. 28), Târîkh al-Adab al-‘Arabî (3/313) and Kashf adh–Dhunūn (1/576).
 [t] Ar. imâm – leader, head. It is the title given to the head or heads of a particular group, whether it be a top scholar of the religion or the ruler of the Muslims.
 [t] Ar. ‘allâmah – great scholar, extremely learned. It is a title given to the most knowledgeable Islamic scholars.
 [t] Ar. hâfidh – memorizer, preserver. It is the title given to traditionist (Ar. muhaddith) with exceptional skills in memorizing prophetic traditions. It is also the title given to a memoriser of the Qur’an.
 [t] Ar. faqîh – legist, jurisprudent, expert of fiqh (Islamic law, jurisprudence).
 [t] I.e., the followers of the Hanbalî madh·hab.
 [t] Ar. fiqh – understanding, comprehension; knowledge, insight; Islamic jurisprudence.
Source: al-Khallâl, Abū Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hârūn (Verified by Mash·hūr Hasan Salmân & Hishâm bin Ismâ’îl as-Saqqâ). Kitâb al-‘Amr bil-Ma’rūf wan-Nahî ‘anil-Munkar, Beirut, Lebanon: al-Maktab al-Islamî & Amman, Jordan: Dâr ‘Ammâr, 1990.pgs. 7-9.