Abū Bakr al-Khallâl (234-311H)

His Lineage:
The imam,[1] the great scholar,[2] the memorizer,[3] the jurist,[4] shaikh and scholar of the Hanâbilah,[5] Abū Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hârūn bin Yazîd al-Baghdâdî al-Khallâl.

His Birth:
He was born in the year 234H.

His Shaikhs:
He heard from al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah, Sa’dân bin Nasr, Yahyâ bin Abî Tâlib, Harb bin Ismâ’îl al-Kirmânî, Ya’qūb bin Sufyân al-Fasawî, al-‘Abbâs bin Muhammad ad-Dūrî, Abî Dâwud as-Sijistânî, ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ibrâhîm ibn Is·hâq al-Harbî, and many other people.

His Pupils:
Imam Abū Bakr ‘Abdul-‘Azîz bin Ja’far Ghulâm al-Khallâl, Abul-Husain Muhammad bin al-Mudhaffar and a group narrated from him.

His Search for Knowledge and the Scholars’ Sayings Concerning Him:
He travelled to Persia, to the Levant, and to the Arabian Peninsula, he sought the jurisprudence[6] of Imâm Ahmad, his verdicts and his answers. He wrote from [the dictation of] the old and the young—he even wrote from [the dictation of] his students. And he gathered and then committed to memory.

Abū Bakr bin Shahrayâr said, “All of us were companions of Abî Bakr al-Khallâl. No one preceeded him in gathering the knowledge of Imâm Ahmad.”

adh-Dhahabî said, “The narration is mighty from him.”

al-Khatîb said,

al-Khallâl gathered the sciences of Ahmad [bin Hanbal] and persued them. He travelled for their sake, recorded them and compiled them in books. For that reason, there was no one who adopted the madh·hab of Ahmad who was more complete [in it] than him.

His Works:
He compiled the book al-Jâmi’ fil-Fiqh from the statements of Ahmad with “He informed us … ” and, “He narrated to us … ;” it was twenty volumes. He compiled the book al-‘Ilal from Ahamd in three volumes. And he wrote the books as-Sunnah, atTabaqât, al-‘Ilm, at-Tafsîr al-Gharîb, al-Adâb and Akhlâq Ahmad.

His Death:
He died in the year 311H.

Sources of His Biography:
Siyar A’lâm an-Nubalâ’ (14/297), Târîkh Baghdâd (5/112), Tabaqât al-Hanâbilah (2/12), al-Muntadhim (6/174), Tadhkirat al-Huffâdh (3/785), al-Wâfî bil-Wafiyât (8/99), al-Bidâyat wan-Nihâyah (11/148), Shadharât adh-Dhahab (2/261), Tabaqât al-Fuqahâ’ lish-Shîrâzî (145), Munâqib Ahmad bin Hanbal li-Ibn al-Jawzî (512), I’lâm al-Muwaqqi’în (1/31), Mu’jam al-Mu’allifîn (2/166), Mukhtasar Tabaqât al-Hanâbilah (pg. 28), Târîkh al-Adab al-‘Arabî (3/313) and Kashf adhDhunūn (1/576).

[1] [t] Ar. imâm – leader, head. It is the title given to the head or heads of a particular group, whether it be a top scholar of the religion or the ruler of the Muslims.

[2] [t] Ar. ‘allâmah – great scholar, extremely learned. It is a title given to the most knowledgeable Islamic scholars.

[3] [t] Ar. hâfidh – memorizer, preserver. It is the title given to traditionist (Ar. muhaddith) with exceptional skills in memorizing prophetic traditions. It is also the title given to a memoriser of the Qur’an.

[4] [t] Ar. faqîh – legist, jurisprudent, expert of fiqh (Islamic law, jurisprudence).

[5] [t] I.e., the followers of the Hanbalî madh·hab.

[6] [t] Ar. fiqh – understanding, comprehension; knowledge, insight; Islamic jurisprudence.

Source: al-Khallâl, Abū Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hârūn (Verified by Mash·hūr Hasan Salmân & Hishâm bin Ismâ’îl as-Saqqâ). Kitâb al-‘Amr bil-Ma’rūf wan-Nahî ‘anil-Munkar, Beirut, Lebanon: al-Maktab al-Islamî & Amman, Jordan: Dâr ‘Ammâr, 1990.pgs. 7-9.


About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

5 Responses to Abū Bakr al-Khallâl (234-311H)

  1. al-boriqee says:

    mashallah, the first shaykhul-hanabilah

  2. aarij says:

    ma sha Allah.

    Bro, I suggest you make a downloads page and post your articles (such as this one) on it as PDFs. Very handy way of organizing, IMO. WAllahu alim.

  3. al-boriqee says:

    could someone please tell me wha the heck is a IMO. I see it all the time and I dont want to be the outcaste anymore

  4. It’s an example of AOLese, which I’ve asked people to refrain from using when posting comments (see My Blog …).

    It’s by no means exhaustive, but for a list of some AOLese acronym definitions, you can check this page. I’m pretty sure if you run a search on Google or some other search engine, you may be able to find larger, more comprehensive lists.

    aarij, may Allah reward and bless you for the suggestion. I’ll keep it in mind.

  5. zafar says:

    TBH,IMHO,pdf would be TWTG! GW TTYL LOL

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