Counsels from Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz ar-Râjihî
November 27, 2007 10 Comments
Counsels: Prepared by Khâlid bin ‘Abdillah ar-Râshid, answered by the esteemed Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz bin ‘Abdir-Rahman ar-Râjihî
Question: Esteemed shaikh, some of the Islamic states have implementation of the conventional laws, although they have the prayer established. It has a [conventional] law pertaining to it [that] is applied, meaning like the adulterer, the [conventional] law pertaining to it is is applied. Is this not from disbelief, even if they established the prayer?
Answer: This contains elaboration from ruling by other than what Allah revealed. If he deemed it legal, and viewed that it was lawful, then this one disbelieves. As for if he did not deem it legal, then this one is wickedness and disobedience according to the People of Knolwedge. So he is not judged with disbelief, except after his confirmation and his acknowledgement of deeming it legal.
Question: Which sects can we say have exited from Islam, and what are the legal principles for excommunication of these groups and others? May Allah reward you with good.
Answer: The Hulūliyyah and the Jahmiyyah, from the scholars are those who excommunicate them absolutely, from them are those who hereticate them absolutely, and from them are those who excommunicate the exaggerators in exclusion of the others. In any case, whoever said Allah is surely incarnate in anything from His creation while he knows that, then this one is a disbeliever by concensus of the Muslims, no doubt about it. As for if he had a doubt of the Mu’tazilah, then [there is] a difference regarding their excommunication. From the scholars are those who hereticate them and from them are those who excommunicate them. What is famous is heretication of them, and similarly, the Ashâ’irah are heretics, because they have a misinterpretation and they have a doubt. The difference between the rejector and the misinterpretor, is [that] the misinterpretor does not disbelieve. This is the principle: whoever had a misinterpretation, then the basis is [that] he does not disbelieve. As for the rejector of knowledge and insight, then surely he disbelieves.
Source: Mujallah ad-Da’wah (Daawah Magazine) no. 2107, 10 Sha’bân 1428/22 August 2007, pg. 48.