Counsels from Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz ar-Râjihî

Counsels: Prepared by Khâlid bin ‘Abdillah ar-Râshid, answered by the esteemed Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz bin ‘Abdir-Rahman ar-Râjihî

Question: Esteemed shaikh, some of the Islamic states have implementation of the conventional laws, although they have the prayer established. It has a [conventional] law pertaining to it [that] is applied, meaning like the adulterer, the [conventional] law pertaining to it is is applied. Is this not from disbelief, even if they established the prayer?

Answer: This contains elaboration from ruling by other than what Allah revealed. If he deemed it legal, and viewed that it was lawful, then this one disbelieves. As for if he did not deem it legal, then this one is wickedness and disobedience according to the People of Knolwedge. So he is not judged with disbelief, except after his confirmation and his acknowledgement of deeming it legal.

Question: Which sects can we say have exited from Islam, and what are the legal principles for excommunication of these groups and others? May Allah reward you with good.

Answer: The Hulūliyyah and the Jahmiyyah, from the scholars are those who excommunicate them absolutely, from them are those who hereticate them absolutely, and from them are those who excommunicate the exaggerators in exclusion of the others. In any case, whoever said Allah is surely incarnate in anything from His creation while he knows that, then this one is a disbeliever by concensus of the Muslims, no doubt about it. As for if he had a doubt of the Mu’tazilah, then [there is] a difference regarding their excommunication. From the scholars are those who hereticate them and from them are those who excommunicate them. What is famous is heretication of them, and similarly, the Ashâ’irah are heretics, because they have a misinterpretation and they have a doubt. The difference between the rejector and the misinterpretor, is [that] the misinterpretor does not disbelieve. This is the principle: whoever had a misinterpretation, then the basis is [that] he does not disbelieve. As for the rejector of knowledge and insight, then surely he disbelieves.

Source: Mujallah ad-Da’wah (Daawah Magazine) no. 2107, 10 Sha’bân 1428/22 August 2007, pg. 48.

About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

10 Responses to Counsels from Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azîz ar-Râjihî

  1. amal says:

    Question:’ Which sects can we say have exited from Islam, and what are the legal principles for excommunication of these groups and others? May Allah reward you with good.’

    why does it matter ?

    I don’t want to ask you this but I am going to anyways , I would be intrested in what you and and abu othman have to say to a comment someone left on my blog, heres the link .

    http://confusedaboutlife.wordpress.com/2007/11/14/sufism-my-concern-about-it-so-far/

  2. as-Salâm ‘alaikum wa rahmatullah sister Amal,

    May Allah reward and bless you for your questions.

    why does it matter ?

    Aside from the very important knowledge concerning faith and disbelief, what makes one a Muslim and what makes one a disbeliever, there are legal implications that make answers to questions like this important. Legal implications pertaining to the ritual prayer, to the zakâh, to funeral rites, to inheritance, to marriage, to food, etc.

    I don’t want to ask you this but I am going to anyways , I would be intrested in what you and and abu othman have to say to a comment someone left on my blog, heres the link .

    Which comment is it that you wish us to comment on?

  3. amal says:

    the reason why I say why does it matter is because , their will always be people that will disagree with you , why can’t we just accept that and have peace .

    the comentator was ‘Ahle Sunnah Uprising’, it was in the post ‘sufism- my concern about it so far’

  4. amal says:

    oh and walkum wasalam , I never say asalam alaykum in my comments just feels a little weird .

  5. Naila says:

    As salaam alaikum,

    If you try saying it consequently, it might not feel so strange anymore. Eventhough you’re not speaking with someone face to face, you’re still having a conversation with a muslim brother or sister.

    As for your question ‘what does it matter?’, I totally understand what you mean by it. I feel that one of the troubles muslims have is, that there is too much arguing going about who’s right and who’s wrong.

    Can’t we agree on that everyone who testifies the Shahada, and calls himself a muslim – should be treated as a fellow brother? You do what you think is right, I do what I think is right and in the End, Allah will judge us all.
    –> I know that a counter argument is that there might not be anything left of the real/pure Islam if everyone does what he feels is right, but is that really any different that the current situation?

    :D

    and, adding: remember that the Qur’aan is protected by Allah(SWT) so that will always be the main source for every muslim!

    Salaam,
    Naila

  6. Aboo Uthmaan says:

    As-salaamu ‘alaikum

    Dear Naila

    Yes, the Qur’aan is protected by Allaah, this is not the issue, every Muslim claims the Qur’aan and Sunnah yet the differing continues. Imaam Aboo ‘Abdullaah Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah) said:

    “The Fundamental Principles of the Sunnah with us are:

    1. Holding fast to what the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) were upon.

    2. Taking them [and their way] as a model to be followed.”

    So uttering the Shahaadah is not the issue, the issue is the understanding of it and the understanding of Islam. Everyone claims the Qur’aan and Sunnah, this is why Imaam Ahmad started his treatise in the way that he did, in order to truly demonstrate the importance of knowing the correct method we should follow in understanding the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

    It is very sad to see that many people today have the attitude of “we don’t know who is really right” when Allaah has revealed to us a clear religion to follow, yet we seem to think otherwise and get lost in confusion whilst ending up being comfortable to remain in such a state.

    Was-salaamu ‘alaikum

    Aboo Uthmaan

  7. Naila says:

    Wa alaikum salaam Aboo Uthman,

    I know that what you’re saying is true. And some interpretations of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah seem so strange, that they just don’t feel right. And when a muslim brother or sister is acting upon wrong ideas, it is our duty to inform and educate them. Nonetheless, people believe strongly in their own (and their mosques) interpretations.

    I’ve seen this from very close by. In my family and in my husbands family alone the muslims go to at least 5 different mosques, including a Salafi, a Shia and even an Ahmadi one. Especially the Ahmady’s were good for a great deal of discussion, but the arguing wasn’t healthy for anyone, due to the stubborn nature of people. Now we settle almost every discussion with “well, alright, if that’s what you believe then that’s up to you.”

    So, for my ease of mind & heart, I keep the criteria of the shahada, otherwise the family would fall apart – which would be a shame, because we all claim to be muslim…

    Last, people will always disagree, especially on what the ‘correct method’ is. Because they’re not willing to listen outside their own circle, so anything that an imam says who doesn’t belong to the group, will be rejected even before they’ve heard the content. And what to do with the information it provides, how will/should it affect our personal relations?

    And as you say, Allah has revealed to us a clear religion that is perfect in all aspects. I believe that any addition is unnecessary, for every answer can be found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

    Salaam,
    Naila

  8. amal says:

    Naila I know what your talking about , you can show evidences and proofs ect , but they stay stubborn , some you can even see that they know it is wrong , but choose to stick to it .
    I think it is the lack of sincerity in todays ummah , people just want to believe what they want to believe , which was an advice I was once given . Sad really .

    Then it comes to a point were you just want to accept everyone and thats it . For peace .

  9. Aboo Uthmaan says:

    As-salaamu ‘alaikum

    Yes, it can be hard, but we have to remain steadfast and keep calling to the way of Allaah upon sure knowledge, wisdom and a lot of patience, we can’t just give up on people since we should want for others what we want for ourselves, and that is nothing except good! Have a read of this if you have time (especially from around half way onwards):

    http://www.qss.org/Library/ibaadah/exhort.html

    Was-salaamu ‘alaikum

    Aboo Uthmaan

  10. Naila Ghani says:

    Wa alaikum salaam Aboo Uthman,

    the article has been very helpful for me. Now it’s time for me to reflect :)

    Salaam,
    Naila

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