Nullifiers of Ablution (Nawâqid al-Wudū’)
February 10, 2007 Leave a comment
1, 2: Urine, feces: «Allah does not accept the prayer of anyone of you if he drops excrement until he performs ablution.» Agreed upon (i.e., narrated by al-Bukhârî and Muslim). «There is no ablution [needed] except from sound or smell [i.e., passing gas].» at-Tirmidhî (who declared it authentic), Ibn Mâjah, al-Baihaqî, and Ahmad.
3: Pre-seminal fluid: [There is] ablution for it. Agreed upon.
4: Sleep. He (the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him) used to order us to not remove our footwear for three days and their nights except for sexual impurity (janâbah). However, [we could keep them on and wipe on them] for feces, urine, and sleep. at-Tirmidhî (who declared it authentic), an-Nasâ’î, and Ahmad. It is the opinion (madh·hab) of al-Hasan al-Basrî, al-Muzanî, Abî ‘Ubaid al-Qâsim bin Sallâm, Ibn Râhawaih, and Ibn al-Mundhir; and Ibn Hazm opined it [as well].
5: Eating camel meat. Ahmad, Is·hâq [bin Râhawaih], Ibn al-Mundhir, and Ibn Khuzaimah spoke of it [i.e., they held that opinion]. al-Baihaqî and Ibn Hazm chose it. ash-Shâfi’î said, “If the hadîth is authentic, I speak of it [i.e., he holds that opinion]. In [his explanation of Muslim], an-Nawawî said, “This opinion is stronger in terms of evidence, even if the general body [of scholars] are upon its opposite.” Shaikh of Islam [Ibn Taimiyyah] gave support to it in al-Fatâwâ and inclined to it in Majmū’ah ar-Risâ’il, and ash-Shawkânî spoke of it.
6: Touching the [private] member with desire.
Source: al-Albânî, Muhammad Nâsir ad-Dîn. ath-Thamar al-Mustatâb fî Fiqh as-Sunnah wal-Kitâb. Kuwait: Mu’assasah Ghirâs lin-Nashr wat-Tawzî’, 1422H. pgs. 21-22.