Sujūd at-Tilâwah (Prostration for Recitation)

Taken from al-Wajîz fî Fiqh as-Sunnah wal-Kitâb al-‘Azîz
By Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Adhîm al-Badawî
Translated by: Aboo Ishaaq Rasheed Gonzales
© The Qur’an & Sunnah Society

The Prostration of Recitation (Sujūd at-Tilâwah):

In al-Muhallâ (5/105-106), Ibn Hazm said,

There are fourteen [places of] prostration in the Qur’an. The first of them is at the end of the recitation of Sūrah al-A’râf, then in ar-Ra’d, then in an-Nahl, then in «Glory be … ,» [al-Isrâ’], then in «Kâf-hâ-yâ-‘ain-sâd … , » [Maryam], then at the beginning of in al-Hajj (and close to its end is not a [place of] prostration), then in al-Furqân, then in an-Naml, then in «Alif-lâm-mîm, revelation … ,» [as-Sajdah] then in Sâd, then in «Hâ-mîm … » Fussilat, then at the end of «By the Star … » [an-Najm], end, then in «When the sky burst open … » [al-Inshiqâq] with His statement, exalted is He, «they do not prostrate … ,» then at the end of «Read! In the Name of your Lord … » [al-‘Alaq].

The Ruling of the Prostration:

He [Ibn Hazm] said, “The prostration is not obligatory, but it is surplus; one prostrates for it in the obligatory and the voluntary prayer, in other than the prayer, during every time, with the rising of the sun, its setting and its standing [i.e, it’s zenith], towards the qiblah and towards other than the qiblah, with purification or without purification.”

I [Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Adhîm] say: as for its being of surplus and not obligatory, then it is because the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, read «By the star … ,» then prostrated at it.[1] And Zaid bin Thâbit read it to him and he did not prostrate at it.[2] For clarification of the permissibility, just as Hâfidh [Ibn Hajar] mentioned it in al-Fat·h (2/555), Ibn Hazm said (5/111),

And as for its prostration without ablution [i.e., wudū’] and towards other than the qiblah, how is it not possible? For surely it is not a prayer. Surely, he, upon him be peace, said, «The prayer of night and day is two by two.»[3] So whatever is less than two rak’ahs is not prayer, except when a text mentions that it is prayer; such as the rak’ah of fear, witr, and the funeral prayer. And there is no text concerning the prostration of recitation [being] a prayer.

Its Virtue:

From Abî Hurairah who said: Allah’s messenger, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, said: «When the son of Adam reads the prostration [verse] then prostrates, the devil withdraws crying saying “O woe is him! He was ordered with prostration so he prostrated. So for him is paradise. And I was ordered with prostration and I disobeyed. So for me is the fire.”»[4]

What One Says When He Prostrates:

From ‘Â’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, who said: Allah’s messenger, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, used to say in the prostration of the Qur’an at night, he says in the prostration several times: «My face prostrated to the One who created it and opened up its hearing and its sight with His might and His strength.»[5]

From ‘Alî that the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, when he prostrated, he used to say, «O Allah, to You I prostrated, and in You I believed and to You I submitted. You are my Lord, my face prostrated to the One who opened up its hearing and its sight, blessed is Allah, the best of the creators.»[6]

From Ibn ‘Abbâs who said, “I was with the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, when a man came to him. He said, ‘Indeed yesterday I saw what the sleeping person sees. It was as if I was prayering towards the root of a tree. I read the prostration [verse] and prostrated. Then the tree prostrated for my prostration and I heard it say: O Allah, diminish from me by it, a sin. Write for me by it, a reward. Make it for me with you, a treasure.’” Ibn ‘Abbâs said, “Then I saw the Prophet, may Allah send salutations and peace upon him, read the prostration [verse] and prostrated. I heard him say in his prostration like that which the man informed him of the tree’s statement.”[7]

——————————————————————————–
Endnotes:
[1] Agreed upon. al-Bukhârî (2/553/1070), Muslim (1/405/576), Abū Dâwud (4/282/1393) and an-Nasâ’î (2/160).

[2] Agreed upon. al-Bukhârî (2/554/1073), Muslim (1/406/577), an-Nasâ’î (2/160), Abū Dâwud (4/280/1391) and at-Tirmidhî (2/44/573).

[3] Authentic. [Sahîh Abî Dâwud (1151)] Abū Dâwud (4/173/1281), at-Tirmidhî (2/54/594), Ibn Mâjah (1/419/1322) and an-Nasâ’î (3/227).

[4] Authentic. [Mukhtasir Sahîh Muslim (369)] Muslim (1/87/81).

[5] Authentic. [Sahîh Abî Dâwud (1255)] Abū Dâwud (4/289/1401), at-Tirmidhî (5/47/577) and an-Nasâ’î (2/222). [t] The transliterated supplication reads: sajada wajhî lilladhî khalaqahu wa shaqqa sam’ahu wa basarahu bi hawlihi wa quwwatihi.

[6] Authentic. [Sahîh Ibn Mâjah (866)], Muslim (1/534/771), Ibn Mâjah (1/335/1054) Abū Dâwud (2/463/736) and at-Tirmidhî (5/149/3481). [t] The transliterated supplication reads: Allahumma laka sajadtu wa bika amantu wa laka aslamtu, anta rabbî sajada wajhî lilladhî shaqqa sam’ahu wa basarahu tabârakallahu ahsan al-khâliqîn.

[7] Authentic. [Sahîh Ibn Mâjah (875)], at-Tirmidhî (2/46/576) and Ibn Mâjah (1/334/1053). [t] The transliterated supplication reads: Allahummahtut ‘annî bi mâ wizrâ. waktub lî bihâ ajrâ. waj’alhâ lî ‘indaka dhukhrâ.

About Rasheed Gonzales
My name is Rasheed Gonzales. I’m a Muslim convert of Filipino descent. Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, I was guided to Islam through one of my younger brothers and a couple of friends, all of whom had converted to Islam sometime before me (may Allah reward them greatly). I am married with four children (and the praise is Allah’s) and also a volunteer for the Qur'an & Sunnah Society of Canada, based in Toronto.

One Response to Sujūd at-Tilâwah (Prostration for Recitation)

  1. Pingback: You’ve Been PDF’d!!! (Link Re-added) « Rasheed Gonzales

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